Each June, millions of youth begin their search for a summer job. Before hiring any
summertime help, it's a good idea to be aware of the Federal and State laws governing
youth in the workplace. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) youth employment
provisions are designed to protect young workers by limiting the types of jobs and the
number of hours they may work, based on the age of the minor. The following provisions
apply to nonagricultural occupations:
18 Years of Age. Once a youth reaches 18, the Federal child labor provisions no longer
apply to them - they can work any job for any number of hours.
16 & 17 Years of Age. Under the FLSA 16- and 17-year olds may work on any day
for any number of hours. However, individual states may limit the hours or the times of
day that anyone under the age of 18 may work. Also, all youth under the age of 18 are
prohibited from working any non-farm jobs deemed hazardous.
14 & 15 Years of Age. 14 and 15-year-olds may work:
- Non-school hours;
- 3 hours on a school day;
- 18 hours in a school week;
- 8 hours on non-school day;
- 40 hours in a non-school week; and
- Between 7 a.m to 7 p.m. (except June 1-Labor Day when hours are extended to 9
If you are about to hire a youth and need assistance building a summertime schedule
that follows the youth employment provisions, contact us.
Read the full newsletter here.
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